Many respondents expressed a degree of skepticism about businesses wielding the technology in a responsible manner, with 38% saying they don't trust businesses "at all" to do so and 41% saying "not much," according to the study. Nineteen percent reportedly had "some trust" for responsible use by companies.
The study, which took place May 8-15 and involved about 5,400 U.S. adults, also looked at Americans’ opinions about AI’s capabilities for certain tasks compared to people.
The perceptions of AI being on par with or better than humans were expressed more frequently for tasks like personalizing online content and making a product or service recommendations than duties like maneuvering a vehicle or making hiring decisions, Gallup said. For the latter jobs, many Americans tended to favor humans.
Half of U.S. adults believe AI does "equal amounts of harm and good," according to the data.
The study data comes as AI has continued to grow as a sector and some companies become more open to deploying the technology in some form.
In April, a Goldman Sachs report suggested some kind of AI automation may be used for about two-thirds of U.S. positions, with about 25-50% of their daily work potentially being done by the technology. The researchers also noted "most jobs and industries are only partially exposed to automation and are thus more likely to be complemented rather than substituted by AI."